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Straw hats were not introduced from the West Indies until 1802, and were in use until 1922.
Being unofficial there were numerous variations to the basic uniform described; mention has been made of coloured comforters and knitted waistcoats.
While training as an officer he worked with the men somewhat like naval cadets do today.
Men did not wear cocked hats after 1780, and when worn by officers they were worn athwartships until 1795, and fore-and-aft from that year, at first for only Captains and below.
From about 1660 to 1797 the pay of an Ordinary Seaman had remained at 19 shillings, that of an Able Seaman at 24 shillings, a month.
RECRUITING AND CONDITIONS OF SERVICE During our time period, men signed on for the duration of the commission of the ship in which they had elected to serve; only the Captain, his lieutenants and warrant officers were retained in the service after the ship paid off.
It was also used as a sweatband by the guns' crews.
Until the uniform was standardised in 1857 the silk, linen, or cotton material was often a colourful article; being of mostly red or blue with many different designs printed on it.
Prior to that year officers, and captains of ships in particular, had worn what they pleased.